• The key annual Conference for the London Resi Market returns on 6th March....
  • Join hundreds of delegates from both Private & Public Sectors at the Affordable Housing Conference on 19th March....
  • The Market Leaders in Student Housing from across the Uk, Europe & Globally gather in London on 14th May

Events Diary

Student Housing 2019

Tuesday 14th May 2019

Resi Development & Site Finding 2019

Tuesday 21st May 2019

latest news

Trends and opportunities in UK student housing development

The provision of student housing in the UK is currently the highest in Europe, with 27% of all students able to be accommodated. Despite higher levels of supply, the UK market is still a lucrative one for investors. We’re looking at where the current opportunities are for investment, the trends affecting demand and how external factors could influence the sector.

Regional property trends 2019

It’s an interesting time for the UK property market. Despite political and economic uncertainty leaving mainstream buyers waiting to see how the year pans out, reluctant to buy or sell unless they have little choice, it’s not all as doom and gloom as some would have us believe. We’ve examined some of the key regional property trends for 2019.

How is residential development changing in London?

After a peak in mid-2017, the London Residential property market is facing strain as low affordability and falling house prices contribute to a slow decline. A recent sales report by Molior London found that, removing Build to Rent figures from the picture, the London new homes market sold fewer units in the inner-city area in 2018 than every year since 2012. With these statistics in mind, we’re taking a look at how residential development in London continues to change.

DIY London: co-operative housing under discussion

The long-running ‘Secret Tenant’ series, conducted by graduate property surveyor, Tim Lowe for Homes and Property uncovered an £80-a-week prime pad in central South Bank. What was the secret? Targeting co-op housing. In 2016, the growing but largely unpublicised co-op movement featured heavily in the majority of London mayor manifestos, including the eventual winner, Sadiq Khan, who recognises the huge role that co-operatives could play in the London housing market. Industry disruptors like Uber and Airbnb have accelerated the ‘sharing economy’ in the past year alone; but can co-operative housing match the scale of these ventures to make a dent in the London housing market?

co-op.jpg

Co-operative Housing International 

Failures and waves

The British co-operative movement was first initiated by the Rochdale Pioneers in 1844, and there are now 677 mutual housing organisations across the UK, 607 of which are in the UK.

These figures suggest that co-operative housing already made substantial gains since the first London co-partnership co-operative was built in Ealing in 1901. However, the movement incurred huge failures, largely because it was funded by tenants as well as non-resident investors after the First World War - the latter of which put pressure on asset stripping the sale of homes. A wave of legitimate co-operative housing, managed by residents only, was developed in the 1960s, but by the 90s, large-scale housing associations were favoured to provide social housing rather than the co-operative model.

Housing co-ops were described by Samir Jeraj at the NewStatesman as ‘Britain’s best kept secret’ in 2012, that could be the answer to the housing crisis. He highlighted that co-op housing in Sweden provided one fifth of its total housing stock with the assistance of large housing co-op providers like HSB. In the UK, early pioneers like the workers co-op Giroscope pooled money to buy derelict buildings in Hull to turn them into habitable, low-cost homes, but activity remained small and isolated.

 

Successful London co-ops setting the benchmark

There are a number of co-operative models in the UK today, and some housing associations echo some of the characteristics of a co-operative, for example many community-based housing associations have high levels of tenant input. Modern co-op portals like The Collective, which styles itself as the UK’s first co-living provider, have also entered the fold.

Tenant Management co-operatives are now well-established mechanisms for tenant control, with tenants and employees becoming shareholders in housing developments. The Community Gateway in England - set up in 2005 - and Community Mutuals in Wales, ensure that tenants influence what happens in their homes and neighbourhoods.

 

Examples of successful housing co-operatives in London include:

 Coin Street - Social housing and commercial space with affordable rents along Coin Street are available to those in need, including low-income families and transferred families from other co-operatives. Four developments provide 220 affordable homes: Mulberry (1988), Palm (1994), Redwood (1995) and Iroko (2001). All sites are run by ‘fully-mutual’ co-operatives: tenant's control the way their housing is run, pay rent to the co-operative but do not have the right to buy. Every member is expected to take an active role in how the site is run, from rent collection, to the selection of new tenants. 50% of these properties are allocated to the local council to be used as social housing.

St Clement’s Hospital - Dubbed as London’s first community land trust, St Clement’s Hospital in East London was closed down in 2005, but was later brought back to life by the co-op movement. Citizens UK launched a community-led scheme to build 23 affordable homes for local people in 2012, becoming to biggest community land trust in the UK.

Leathermarket JMB - JMB run 1500 properties in Borough and Bermondsey, making it the largest resident-managed housing organisation in Southwark. Its vision is to provide housing services that outperform ‘other organisations with similar resources’.

london_co_op.jpg 

 

UK appetite for co-operatives

A 2009 report by the Commission on Co-operative and Mutual Housing titled Bringing Democracy Home revealed that the small co-operative housing sector outperforms other types of affordable housing providers on financial measures. The report recognised dramatic housebuilding challenges a year after the financial crisis, but that reform was needed at a time when 1 in 12 households were registered on a social housing waiting list.

In 2011, the Localism Act provided a platform for community land trusts to grow, and community land trusts tripled by 2014, according to Stephen Hill. However, the sector appears to be put on a sideline in an effort to grow overall housing stock across the UK. The promotion of co-operative housing in London mayoral candidate manifestos in the run up to the election coincided with a discussed in the House of Lords on 25 April.

Viscount Younger of Leckie (Conservative) highlighted that the March budget included an extra £60 million fund to rural and coastal community-led schemes from additional stamp duty revenue. He stated that it may be challenging to promote such schemes as they are bespoke, but ‘they are looking very carefully at a pilot in Wales’ before moving any further - although he could not say where the pilot scheme is located. When asked about mortgage provision to acquire buildings, Younger could not provide an answer. Lord Tomlinson then asked whether the government will force the sale of co-operative housing if the sector is to expand, which was met with a similar muted response as the government is currently focused on the ‘86% who aspire to buy their own homes.’

Britain’s reliance on the private sector to deliver housing stock is holding strong, but the emphasis on radical reform in the housing sector is growing. Innovative finance mechanisms are needed to develop the co-operative sector, and like the self-build market, the UK is lagging behind many European counterparts. The co-living environment targeting affordability is a big ask considering the cost and value of land. The financial crisis and austerity have made the development of additional mutual housing stock a challenge, but two recent pilots in Cardiff and Newport could shift interest into the House of Commons. Collaboration and equality are both at the forefront of what matters amongst the next generation. Providing land legislation is addressed, the new mayor at the helm could transform the co-operative movement once more into the next big opportunity market within the city.

 

Follow or subscribe to LD Events for the latest market insights, analysis and property opportunities across a variety of sectors. 

Posted: 10/05/2016
Read more news articles